In Uzbekistan, production of Group II Base Oils from Used Lubricating Oils
- During 2015, Sequoia’s customer Uz-Prista Recycling has successfully completed start-up of its vacuum distillation and hydrotreating units for production of Group II base oils from waste lubricating oils. The plant is designed for annual throughput of 45000 metric tonnes of feedstock per year. The products are two grades of water-white base oils. Sequoia believes this is the only complete re-refining plant in the soviet republics including Russia. Sequoia provided the basic design with process license, detailed engineering and also supplied all of the equipment, instruments, controls, pipes, fittings and supporting steel structure for this project. With the completion of this project, Sequoia now boast operating plants on five continents, in diverse socioeconomic backgrounds.
Sequoia’s New Distillation Process Launched
Sequoia Energy & Environment designed and supplied a vacuum distillation plant for Synergy Recycling at Kingsland, Georgia (USA). Started in 2015, the plant processes up to 12 million gallon/year of used lubricating oil recovering lubricating oil base stock (LOBS) to be initially sold as vacuum gas oil (VGO). The plant employs Sequoia’s unique distillation process that uses a single distillation column and a single heater to carry out the multi-component separation necessary in the recovery of LOBS. In this project, Sequoia was entrusted with basic design, the detailed design and also the supply of all equipment, structural steel, piping components, instruments and the control panel. Sequoia met all its obligations in a timely manner with the team of its experienced of 25 professionals based in Pune, India. The unique design allows the customer to not only control quality of the distillate product but also control the yield of residual bottoms product between 8-18%, making all options available for sale of the by-product.
Vertical Tube Evaporator (VTE) for used motor oil distillation at Bango Refining
A new vacuum distillation plant for recovery of lube base oil stock form used motor oil was installed at Fallon, Nevada (USA). The new plant uses Sequoia’s proprietary vertical evaporators (WFE). The 70000 gpd (11 m3/hour) plant ran seven months before a heat exchanger or evaporator was cleaned. This is our second US customer using Sequoia’s proprietary design evaporators This plant is operational since January 2013.
Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) from used oil using Vertical Tube Evaporator (VTE)
Sequoia supplied a vacuum distillation plant with its proprietary evaporators to Emerald Recycling at Tacoma, Washington (USA) for processing 50,000 gallon/day (7.5 m3/hour)of used lubricating oil and waste industrial lubricants, making MDO / vacuum gasoil (VGO). With highly reliable and robust rotating equipment and no moving parts in the evaporators, this plant is simple to operate and maintain. Cranes (typical for thin film evaporators) are not required for the maintenance and cleaning of the VT evaporators.
Transformer Oil Hydrotreating
Hydrogenation of waste transformer oil (electrical insulating oils) can produce an oil product that is far better in quality and yield in comparison with fixed bed clay adsorption or reaction with sodium metal. This is proven at EMI of KC, a valued client of Sequoia. The 5 million gallon/year throughput naphthenic oil hydrotreater in Kansas City, Kansas (USA) produces oil free of PCBs (polychlorobiphenyls – known carcinogens). The product oil has water-white appearance and low sulphur concentration. Sequoia designed the complete plant, supplied all processing equipment and also supplied a thermal oxidizer for safe disposal of process off-gases from the plant.
Hydrotreater proven at small scale and expanded skillfully
Bango Refining of Fallon, Nevada (USA) was using fixed-bed clay process for upgrading distillates recovered from used oil. The product had poor color, poor oxidation stability and there was no control over reduction of sulfur in the final products. From March 2009, with the Sequoia-supplied hydrotreater, Bango Refining started making Group 2+ base oil product that is ‘water white’. In 2012, the small hydrotreater was expanded to more than double its capacity. Sequoia carefully checked every equipment, every line and every instrument to make this expansion a success at minimum cost and little downtime.
Meeting regulations and improving quality
UK-based waste oil collector Re Group was using emulsifiers and heat to drop water out of waste lube oils and fuels. The processed oil with 0.5-1.0% water was being filtered in a centrifuge. The Hull (UK) company installed Sequoia’s efficient water evaporation equipment which produces oil with less than 0.1% water. As a result, the centrifuge works more efficiently. Ultimately, the company makes a recycled fuel oil product that easily meets government specifications for ash, Zn and water content.
Hydrotreating Technology is now operational in Argentina
Sequoia’s hydrotreating technology is now operational at IASA in Argentina. This small scale hydrotreater near Buenos Aires produces 2.5 m3/hour (about 700 US gallon/hour) of Group 2 base oil from a dark distillate produced from an old furnace reboiler used for oil distillation. Sequoia has once again proven that small hydrotreaters (less than 15000 tonnes/year or 5 million gallons/year) can be built economically and operated profitably. Sequoia team worked with the customer to deal with bureaucracy and customs, as well as language barriers during design and construction. The plant was started up by 3 Sequoia engineers in under 4 weeks, starting with mechanical completion checks.